Disability Services uses the Social Justice Model for delivering means of access to students. Where the Medical Model may have been effective at one time, it reinforces a "separate but equal" system rather than full inclusion within a community of peers.
|Social Justice Model
|Disability is a difference.
||Disability is a deficiency or abnormality.
|Being disabled, in itself, is neutral.
||Being disabled is negative.
|Disability derives from the interaction between the individual and society.
||Disability resides in the individual.
|The remedy for disability-related problems is a change in the interaction between the individual and society.
||The remedy for disability-related problems is cure or normalization of the individual.
|The agent of remedy is the individual, an advocate, or anyone who affects the arrangements between the individual and society.
||The agent of remedy is the professional.
Carol J. Gill, Chicago Institute of Disability Research Association on Higher Education and Disability